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Horsham / ˈ h ɔːr ʃ ə m / is a market town on the upper reaches of the River Arun on the fringe of the Weald in West Sussex , England. The town is 31 miles (50 km) south south-west of London, 18.5 miles (30 km) north-west of Brighton and 26 miles (42 km) north-east of the county town of Chichester. Nearby towns include Crawley to the north-east and Haywards Heath and Burgess Hill to the south-east. It is the administrative centre of the Horsham district.
The first historical record of Horsham is from AD 947. The name may mean either "horse home" or " Horsa 's home" (a Saxon warrior who was granted land in the area). [ citation needed ]
The town has historically been known for horse trading in early medieval times, iron and brick making up until the 20th century, and brewing more recently. [ citation needed ]