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Filipino ( masculine )
Filipina ( feminine )
Pinoy ( colloquial masculine )
Pinay ( colloquial feminine )
The metatarsal of the Callao Man , reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date.  This distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan , carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.   Negritos were also among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated. 
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally. Wilhelm Solheim 's Island Origin Theory  postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around 48,000 to 5000 BC rather than by wide-scale migration. The Austronesian Expansion Theory explains that Malayo-Polynesians coming from Taiwan began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals.