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The official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross" ( Terra da Santa Cruz ),  but European sailors and merchants commonly called it simply the "Land of Brazil" ( Terra do Brasil ) on account of the brazilwood trade.  The popular appellation eclipsed and eventually supplanted the official Portuguese name. Early sailors sometimes also called it the "Land of Parrots" ( Terra di Papaga ). 
In the Guarani language , an official language of Paraguay , Brazil is called "Pindorama". This was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees". 
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas , Luzia Woman , were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo , Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years.   The earliest pottery ever found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago (6000 BC). The pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture.